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How To trade the GBP/USD currency pair

Zani Barrish
Financial Writer
1 Sept 2023
The GBP/USD is a popular currency pair in Forex trading for good reason. Discover why the trading dynamics of the British pound and the U.S. dollar is so widely discussed by market analysts. Trade the GBP/USD now.

A closer look at the GBP/USD currency pair

The GBP/USD (British pound vs U.S. dollar) currency pair known as “the cable” holds a significant position in the Forex market, accounting for approximately 12% to 17% of the total trade turnover. This is alongside other liquid pairs including:

  • The Swissie - USD/CHF (U.S. dollar vs Swiss franc)
  • The Fibre - EUR/USD (Euro vs U.S. dollar)
  • The Aussie - AUD/USD (Australian dollar vs U.S. dollar)
  • The Ninja USD/JPY (U.S. dollar vs Japanese yen)

To understand the dynamics of this pair, we can draw parallels to an intense game of tug-of-war. Envision two teams, each representing the respective currency, engaging in a constant struggle for dominance.

On one end of the rope stands the American team as the quote currency with the U.S. dollar. On the opposing end, the British team with their national currency, the Pound sterling.

The GBP, as the base currency, holds sway over the pair's movements. When the GBP/USD pair rises, it signifies a strengthening Pound and a weakening dollar. Conversely, a decline in the pair reflects a stronger dollar and a weaker Pound.

Like a skilled participant in a tug-of-war match, the Brits adjust their strategy to compete with the dominant American team. Economic indicators, political events, and market sentiment shape the Pound's movements, allowing it to navigate the Forex market with adaptability.

As the game unfolds, both teams pull and strain to gain an advantage.

What factors are driving the GBP/USD?

Going back to our tug-of-war analogy of earlier, economic and political developments, monetary policies, and market conditions act as the forces that tug the rope in different directions. Traders closely observe this intense battle, anticipating shifts in power and adjusting their positions accordingly.

External factors play a crucial role in shaping the dynamics of the GBP/USD pair, just as unexpected gusts of wind or changes in terrain impact a tug-of-war match. Global economic trends, geopolitical events, and natural disasters introduce additional elements that influence the strength and direction of each team's pull. Traders and investors must remain vigilant, constantly assessing the impact of these external forces on the ongoing struggle.

The GBP/USD currency pair is influenced by several key factors that shape its behaviour in the market. These include:

Macroeconomic data and indices:

Economic indicators such as GDP, unemployment figures, and Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) provide insights into the economic situation in the countries and impact the GBP/USD exchange rate.

Currency market conditions: 

Global economic trends, geopolitical events and investor sentiment all affect the pair’s pricing. Market participants' perception of risk and market dynamics can influence the demand for the Pound and the dollar, consequently impacting the currency pair's movement.

Interest rate differentials:

The difference between the United Kingdom and America’s interest rates is a crucial factor in determining their exchange rate. The monetary policy decisions of the Bank of England (BoE) play a significant role in shaping the value of the Pound. When the BoE raises interest rates, it tends to strengthen the Pound, while rate cuts can  weaken the currency.

Central Bank policy: 

The credit and monetary policy implemented by the Bank of England directly influences the GBP/USD exchange rate. Since Brexit, the central bank has implemented measures to stabilise and restore the GBP rate in the global market. The interest rate decisions made by the BoE are a primary tool for controlling the GBP rate.

Political events: 

Recent years have seen significant influences on the Pound, including the COVID-19 pandemic and the war in the Ukraine. For instance, the Pound's performance was driven by factors like the successful vaccine rollout, leading to a strong Pound against the Dollar.

Correlated Exchange Rates, broader market indices and 

One important exchange rate to consider is the EUR/USD exchange rate, as GBP/USD tends to exhibit a positive correlation with it. Changes in the EUR/USD rate can indirectly influence the GBP/USD exchange rate.

Correlation between GBP/USD and broader market indices like the S&P500 are also worthwhile to watch. The Pound tends to respond to optimism or uncertainty in the market, so monitoring how it moves in relation to the index can provide additional insights

Commodity Influences

The price of oil plays a role in shaping the trade deficits or surpluses of the UK, US, and the eurozone. Fluctuations in oil prices can have an impact on the economies of these regions, subsequently affecting the GBP/USD exchange rate.


GBP/USD key technical indicators and tools

Unlocking the potential of the GBP/USD pair, traders can access a wide range of trading instruments, indicators, and analysis tools.

Trading GBP/USD by Technical Analysis:

Technical analysis plays a crucial role in understanding the price movements of the GBP/USD currency pair. By analysing price charts, patterns, and using various technical indicators, traders can identify potential trading opportunities.

Here are some key aspects of technical analysis for GBP/USD:

  • Utilise technical analysis techniques such as identifying trends, pullbacks, and breakouts. Incorporating these tools can aid in making informed trading decisions and assessing potential entry and exit points.
  • Analyse price charts to identify patterns and trends in the GBP/USD pair. Commonly used chart patterns include head and shoulders, double tops/bottoms, triangles, and flags. These patterns can provide insights into potential price reversals or continuations.
  • Use trendlines to identify the direction and strength of the prevailing trend in GBP/USD. By connecting consecutive higher lows in an uptrend or lower highs in a downtrend, trendlines can guide traders in determining potential entry and exit points.
  • Identify support and resistance levels, which are price levels where GBP/USD has historically shown a tendency to reverse or stall. Traders use these levels to identify potential areas of buying (support) or selling (resistance) interest. Breakouts above resistance or below support levels can indicate potential trend reversals.

There are various indicators you can use to generate trading signals such as moving averages, oscillators, and Bollinger Bands to complement analysis.

Trend indicators: such as moving averages or trend-following indicators, help identify the overall trend in GBP/USD. They provide signals based on the price's position in relation to the average, indicating whether the trend is bullish or bearish. For example, incorporate a moving average to identify potential support or resistance levels. While Bollinger Bands can help identify periods of price volatility.

Oscillators: help traders identify potential overbought or oversold conditions in the market. These indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI) or the Stochastic Oscillator, measure the speed and magnitude of price movements, highlighting potential reversal points.

By receiving potential setups from different indicators, traders can gain a more comprehensive view of the market dynamics and make informed decisions when trading GBP/USD.

Trading GBP/USD by Fundamental Analysis:

Fundamental analysis is a multifaceted approach to trading that involves studying various economic factors to predict currency movements. When trading GBP/USD using fundamental analysis, it's essential to stay well-informed about key economic events that impact the currency pair. Stay vigilant by checking the economic calendar and staying updated on significant economic releases from both Great Britain and the USA.

Keep in mind that specific economic news releases can lead to heightened volatility in the pair. Therefore, exercising caution and considering the use of stop losses is crucial. The application of fundamental analysis can be beneficial for both short-term (intraday) and medium-term trading strategies.

Here are some fundamental events to consider:

Economic indicators: Pay attention to economic indicators such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), inflation rates, employment data, and manufacturing data. These indicators provide insights into the health of the economies involved and can influence currency movements.

Central Bank decisions Monitor decisions made by the central banks of Great Britain (Bank of England) and the USA (Federal Reserve). Interest rate decisions, monetary policy statements, and forward guidance can impact the GBP/USD exchange rate.

Political and geopolitical events Stay aware of political developments, trade negotiations, and geopolitical events that could influence market sentiment and currency values.

Market sentiment and risk appetite Consider how market sentiment, risk appetite, and global economic trends may affect investor behaviour and impact the GBP/USD pair.

By integrating these fundamental analysis techniques, you can develop a more comprehensive understanding of the forces driving GBP/USD movements and make informed trading decisions.

Other Analysis:

In addition to technical and fundamental analysis, comparative analysis can be beneficial. Compare the GBP/USD pair to other currency pairs, such as EUR/USD or USD/JPY. Analysing relative strength or weakness can provide additional context and help identify potential trading opportunities.

Gauge market sentiment by monitoring indicators such as market positioning, sentiment surveys, and institutional trading flows. Sentiment analysis provides insights into the overall market outlook and can help traders assess whether the market sentiment aligns with their trading strategies.

Risk management and considerations of trading currency pairs

Effective risk management is a cornerstone of success for traders engaging with the GBP/USD currency pair. This entails not only managing your risk exposure but also employing strategies to minimise potential losses while safeguarding potential profits:

  • By placing stop-loss levels when you open a GBP/USD position, you can limit losses if a trade moves against you
  • Take-profit levels may also be used to lock in profits as soon as you're 'in the money'
  • Practise proper money management, which means not risking more than a predetermined amount of capital on each trade.
  • Develop a trading plan for the GBP/USD pair that will work for your risk appetite and trading goals. We’ll explore more of this below.

GBP/USD Trading strategy

Developing a well-defined trading strategy is essential for consistent trading success. Whether you prefer technical analysis, fundamental analysis, or a combination of both, having a clear plan helps guide your decision-making process. Consider factors such as entry and exit points, position sizing, and risk-reward ratios when developing your strategy.

Currency markets can experience significant volatility, which can lead to rapid price fluctuations. High volatility can present both opportunities and risks. Traders should be prepared for sudden market movements and adjust their trading strategies accordingly.

In highly liquid currency pairs like GBP/USD, executing trades swiftly at desired prices is generally smoother. However, during periods of high volatility or low liquidity, slippage may occur, resulting in trades being executed at a different price than expected. It's important to factor in potential slippage when managing risk and setting stop-loss and take-profit levels.

Always ensure you have a solid understanding of risk management principles, regularly assess your trading strategy, and stay informed about market developments to make informed decisions when trading GBP/USD or any other currency pair.

How to trade the GBP/USD pair

  1. Conduct market analysis on the GBP/USD pair using both fundamental and technical analysis.
  2. Identify support and resistance levels on the GBP/USD chart. These levels act as potential entry and exit points for your trades. Decide if you’re going long or short,
  3. Based on your analysis, create a trading strategy that aligns with your risk tolerance and trading goals.
  4. Create a Pepperstone account and access one of our platforms, for example MT4
  5. Set up stop loss orders and take profit orders according to your risk management strategy.
  6. Open your first trade.
  7. Monitor and eventually close your position.


  • GBP/USD is a major currency pair that represents the exchange rate between the British pound (GBP) and the U.S. dollar (USD).
  • Historically, the GBP/USD pair, also known as "the Cable," holds significance as one of the oldest and most widely traded currency pairs.
  • Economic indicators and news events from both the U.K and the U.S. have a significant impact on the GBP/USD exchange rate.
  • Factors such as interest rate differentials, GDP growth, inflation, political developments, and geopolitical events can influence the direction and volatility of GBP/USD.
  • Monitoring key economic releases, central bank statements, and market sentiment can help traders anticipate and react to potential market-moving events in currency pair trading.


What factors can affect the GBP/USD pair?

Several factors influence the GBP/USD pair, including economic events, central bank policies, political events, and market sentiment. Changes in interest rates, GDP data, employment figures and geopolitical developments can all impact the pair's value.

How can I manage the risks associated with trading GBP/USD?

Risk management is crucial in trading. Set appropriate stop-loss orders to limit potential losses and use take-profit orders to secure profits. Consider diversifying your portfolio, avoiding overleveraging, and staying updated with market news and analysis to make informed trading decisions.

What are some popular technical indicators I can use for GBP/USD analysis?

Commonly used technical indicators for analysing GBP/USD include moving averages, relative strength index (RSI), Bollinger Bands, and MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence). These indicators can help identify trends, support and resistance levels, and potential entry and exit points.

How often should I monitor my GBP/USD trades?

How often you should monitor your GBP/USD trades depends on the time horizon of your trading strategy. For short-term traders, constant vigilance is essential as they need to stay updated on market movements, news releases, and economic events. On the other hand, swing traders, with a more extended time frame, don't need to monitor as frequently.

That said, regardless of your trading style, regular monitoring remains essential. Staying informed about market conditions, significant news releases, and developments that might impact the currency pair is crucial. Moreover, consider adjusting your stop-loss and take-profit levels as your trade progresses to ensure optimal risk management and potential profit realisation.

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