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Beginner

How to short an IPO

Short selling is a strategy used by investors and traders to take advantage of what they perceive to be an imminent decline in value in a company’s share price. You may anticipate that upcoming economic events and news may adversely affect their bottom line and therefore their share price. You might not be convinced that a company’s fundamentals are as good as they look. Or you might just think the company is not trading at its fair value and is due for a depreciation.

Short selling shares typically requires that you first borrow the shares from a shareholder, paying a fee to do so, and then selling them on an exchange at market prices. You would then buy back the stock when, hopefully, it had fallen in value. You generate a profit if you sell at a lower price than the price at which you borrowed it (less any fees), and you incur a loss if you sold at a higher price than the price at the time you lent the stock.

So, what’s the issue with this? Well, you have to go through the whole process of borrowing stock in order to sell it, and you have to pay a fee for the loan. This can be as little as 0.3-0.5% p.a. for stocks with little short interest, but could rise up to 20-30% p.a for hot stocks with very high short interest (those stocks where a lot of people are looking to short). This means you pay fees for taking short positions regardless of the length of time you hold the stock, be it days and weeks, or minutes and seconds.

You may also be required to post significant collateral in order to open your position.

Another consideration is that the ability to short stock depends primarily on the willingness for current shareholders to lend out their shares. Some stocks are simply unborrowable, in that there are no shareholders willing to lend out their shares for a fee. There may also be restrictions on short selling, such as in the early days of an IPO.

But there is an alternative, and that alternative is contracts for difference (CFDs). Being a derivative security with no underlying interest in the asset traded, CFDs are a unique vehicle that allow you to take advantage of short term movements in the share price of a stock without worrying about how many shares are on offer to borrow.

In opening a CFD trade, you are entering into a contract to cash settle the difference between the price at which you entered the trade, and the price at which you exit. This means you can go both long and short on a stock, for potentially the same outcome given the same absolute change in price (depending on your hold time and whether overnight funding fees apply).

There’s no transaction of underlying shares between you and the broker. That means one thing: the ability to short a stock, particularly on an IPO, just became much easier.

If you were to short a stock on a 15 minute to 4 hour timeframe, within the same trading day, you will only pay the market spread and relevant per trade commission. That means you can take advantage of intraday news and events, such as when a stock first starts trading on the exchange and the market begins to react to its valuation.

We offer shorting on share CFDs via our MT5 platform, and you can short both established companies with storied histories as well as the latest hot stocks that IPO.

Find more information on short selling, especially with CFDs, here.

Pepperstone doesn’t represent that the material provided here is accurate, current or complete, and therefore shouldn’t be relied upon as such. The information provided here, whether from a third party or not, isn’t to be considered as a recommendation; or an offer to buy or sell; or the solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any security, financial product or instrument; or to participate in any particular trading strategy. We advise any readers of this content to seek their own advice. Without the approval of Pepperstone, reproduction or redistribution of this information isn’t permitted.