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The Macro Navigator - the message the USD is telling us

Chris Weston
Head of Research
12 Nov 2021
We close out the week with the USD thoroughly breaking out and moving to the highest levels since July 2020.

The USD bulls are taking this even higher in Asian trade, with the US bond market re-opening and 2 and 5-year US Treasury yields pushing higher.

I'm seeing signs of an impending mean reversion play in the USD, but in this flow dips are a buying opportunity in my opinion. One model I like to assess is the (percentage) premium/discount to the 5-day EMA - as we can see, the USDX is approaching the 2 standard deviation level, which has been a reliable contrarian guide for the past two years.

USD vs 5 day EMA with std deviation bands


(Source: Bloomberg - Past performance is not indicative of future performance.)

Happy to trail stops on longs for now though more as a momentum play, but this could be one the intra-day mean reversion heads have on the radar. Is the long USD trade becoming to consensus? It's getting that way and that’s usually a sign of caution but we’re not there yet and positioning is by no means extreme.

Gold has been rallying in all currencies as systematic funds increase length, although we’re seeing small profit-taking as US real rates pushed 2bp higher today and the USD is bid. The inflation debate rages on though and is at the heart of the fundamental story here. However, for Gold to push into $1900 we will need US real rates continue to make daily record lows. As ever, perhaps buying Gold is AUD or GBP could be the better trade if the USD is going to continue finding form.

I stand by my call that the two most important economic data points going forward are the labour force participation rate and labour unit costs (compensation per hour vs productivity) – both will be hugely influential for both inflation and the Fed’s perception of policy.

With so many moving parts to navigate into year-end, I have updated my event risk calendar – it's raw (a snip in Excel) so apologies for that, but I use it as part of my risk framework. Markets often run with a central theme, as we’re seeing now with the inflation vibe, and look for further fuel or answers – that’s where these dates come in. So often markets form a consensus view and run with it into the data release and when we learn the facts.

(Source: Pepperstone - Past performance is not indicative of future performance.)

While each piece of data and event risk is known, the period around the 16 December, when participation in markets is light anyhow, could be huge for markets. If the debt ceiling isn’t sorted at a time and when the Fed may very well be turning more hawkish, the risk is this may be a toxic combination for markets. I think that’s what the USD is preparing us for now.

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