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Daily Fix: The market versus the Fed continues

Chris Weston
Head of Research
Aug 1, 2019
The FOMC statement and Federal Reserve Chair Jerome Powell’s press conference took all of one hour. But in that short space of time, the market was thrown around by narrative that seemed unsure of exactly how to please its audience.

We knew the rates market had a preset vision of an easing cycle, pricing in some 66bp of cuts through to this December, and some 108bp through to December 2020. Obviously, front-end treasury yields and global bonds more broadly had been the beneficiary of this implied policy path, with funds subsequently being pushed further and further out of the risk curve in search of yield, as well as the hunt for duration feeding into credit and equity. So, the risk was always that if we didn’t hear what we wanted to hear, we’d sell out of bonds, which would cause higher implied volatility and negative gyrations in equity markets, and cause financial conditions to tighten.

A hawkish cut

Well, that scenario played out. Granted, the actual statement came out just as the market had anticipated, with a 25bp cut to the fed funds rate — a formal end to its balance sheet normalisation program (QT) and two dissenters (Kansas City and Boston Fed Presidents Esther George and Eric Rosengren were against easing) — as well as narrative that the board will “act as appropriate to sustain the expansion.”

This in itself gave us a feel we were leaning to a hawkish cut, but things got spicy in markets when Powell spoke. The focal point of what we initially heard was this 25bp cut was a mid-cycle adjustment to policy, and an insurance cut to keep in check the fallout from considerations such as trade. We shouldn’t just consider that we had a 25bp cut. It should also be taken into context of the broader trend in policy, with the move to a patient stance that’s now accommodative. That in itself is providing a more holistic support cushion to a resilient US economy.

It was a cut that many saw as really just taking out the December hike.

Daily Fix - Aug 1, 2019 - EURUSD daily

Fed is picking a fight, but market will always win

Mid cycle was all that mattered, though. That was the red flag, and the market heard enough evidence that its implied easing path was thrown into question. The result, hardly surprisingly, was a move in US two-year Treasuries, from 1.82% into 1.96%, with the twos-versus-tens yield curve falling 11bp to 10bp. The USD went on a run, with USDJPY tracking into 109 while EURUSD broke the triple bottom at 1.1106, taking the DXY higher for a ninth straight. AUDUSD fell from 0.6891 into 0.6832, with EM FX finding a wave of offers as you’d imagine.

Daily Fix - Aug 1, 2019 - USDX daily

Gold fell US$16 into US$1,410, with gold stocks hit hard, while the S&P 500 was sold 1.8%. The market was viewing this as a policy error, and flashbacks of Q4 2018 were all too evident. The market hadn’t heard what it wanted to hear, and let the Fed know how they felt.

Powell is becoming well known for his pivots. In this case, it’s almost as though he’d someone in his ear telling him the market reaction, that towards the later stage of the press conference he walked back his earlier view. Once again, it’s clear. In an easing cycle, it’s the market that set policy, not the Fed. If you want to challenge that dynamic, we’ll see volatility.

To clarify the “mid cycle” comments, Powell detailed what he meant: It wasn’t the start of a long cutting cycle, and he didn’t say just one rate cut. This narrative saw support kick back into bonds, with a decent reversal in twos and the S&P 500 rallying to ultimately close to 1.1% lower on the session. The rates market closed the day pricing a 64% chance of a September cut, so Powell has managed to install some belief the market is still on the money. But it feels like the communication with the markets is on more shaky ground.

The market needs time to regroup

The market now needs a couple of days to really digest this. Quite often in these meetings, the first move isn’t always the right move. We were hoping for clarity, and what we’ve been left with is more questions. So, it’s back to listening to the Fed and, ideally, the man who many feel is the real governor on the board — Richard Clarida. That said, in the near term the most immediate scheduled speaker is James Bullard (for 7 Aug).

We’ll be keeping an eye on the US ISM manufacturing later (00:00 AEST), which, after the overnight Chicago PMI came in at a woeful 44.4 (versus 51.0 eyed), surely holds downside risk to the consensus call of 52.0 on that index. After that, it’s on to Friday’s US payrolls. Although when the Fed is looking more closely at inflation expectations and trade, unless it’s an absolute disaster, the payrolls print should affect pricing too greatly.

A weaker Asia open

The washup is we’ll see a weaker open in Asia, with the ASX 200 called to open just below 6800. The Hang Seng, Nikkei 225 and China should open around 1% weaker, and there’s little in the way of data to really influence here. Gold stocks will find sellers easy to come by on the open, while on a more diversified level, BHP is indicted to open 1.6% lower. It isn’t an ideal day for RIO to report numbers (after the bell). Even though we’ll see sellers on the open, there won't be any panic. In fact, the open will offer a lot in the way of psychology, and I’ll be looking to see if traders buy the opening weakness or add onto the weaker open.

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