An important change in the markets thinking - volatility incoming

Chris Weston
Head of Research
13 Sept 2022
Everyone had the US CPI print on their radar as the marquee risk event of the week and it proved to be just that.

There has been a sentiment shift and the psychology of the market has changed - those positioned for ‘peak inflation’ in the US have had to review, assess, and react to that exposure. There has been a renewed focus away from headline inflation and towards core inflation, which has risen by 40bp to 6.3%. Sticky inflation is on the rise and offers no confidence to the Fed that the recent lift in the fed funds rate is having any effect in reducing price pressures.

Then there is the consideration of a delayed effect of hiking interest rates and the impact on the real economy – this troubles markets, but if the markets are to believe that the Fed truly mean business, which the consensus does, then they have to go hard and that may now mean 100bp of hikes in the September meeting. The prospect of the Fed not just causing a recession because of tightening policy, but actually welcoming a recession has increased a touch – risky assets sense this, as they do a probable decline in reserve liabilities.

One of the most important elements across asset classes was that the US ‘terminal’ rate priced by interest rates (fed funds future) is now above 4.3% - this is the peak or the highest point of where markets are pricing the fed funds rate in the future – in recent months we’ve seen a tight relationship between the USD and the terminal interest rate and as this pushed higher, we’ve seen a scramble for USDs, with the USD having its best day since March 2020. High beta FX has been smashed, with AUDUSD eyeing a re-test of 0.6700. USDJPY stopped just shy of 145 and may get there in the session ahead, while EURUSD is holding below parity.


GBPUSD trades sub 1-.1500 with UK CPI due out at 40m AEST, and that could cause some vol in GBP pairs.

US equities were carted out – there was a positioning adjustment and a buyer’s strike – volatility rose with the VIX index gaining 3.4 vols to 27.3% - this is where short sellers will do their best work and the stars were about as aligned as we have seen for some time. The US500 had its worst day since 11 June 2020, with Apple and Microsoft – the titans of the index - having their worst day since September 2020. After a promising move in precious metals, silver is reversing and we’re seeing big sellers in crypto, homebuilders and semis.

Looking ahead 

It feels like this de-risking in the market has further to go and in times like this, we always ask what turns this around, what is the circuit breaker? That, I feel, is not immediately clear as ‘don’t fight the Fed’ means risk heads lower.  

It feels like the upcoming economic data won’t matter as much, and with no Fed speakers until the meeting (the Fed are in a blackout period) we’re really in uncharted waters for the next week.

I guess it’s all eyes on articles/headlines from Nick Timiraos (WSJ), who is the Fed’s spokesman – if the Fed want 100bp as our default position he will be the person to preannounce - he has already written the Fed will hike by “at least” 75bp, but will this be ratcheted up to suggest 100bp our default position?

So, lots of uncertainty and right now no readily available answers, with our ability to price risk so challenged, typically this results in volatility. Correct position sizing in this dynamic will keep you in the game.

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